This area is dedicated to the perception of self, of personal identity and that of the world around us. Children learn to interact and socialise with others while respecting the rules, distinguishing their and others’ emotional states, needs, roles and cultural differences.
Children explore the world through their own bodies, learn to care for themselves and their hygiene, becoming aware of the structure of their bodies. These skills hone sensor perceptions, hand-eye coordination, control of movements and gestures.
Language is one of the most effective forms of communication and is a vital tool to recognise and organise one’s thoughts. For children, it is fundamental to learn to express themselves and communicate in various situations, listen and understand words and speech, by starting to explore the written word.
From a very young age, children learn to group and order elements based on criteria of classification. Through the activities proposed in this area, they can recognise quantities and start to count, preparing themselves for the concept of number and experimenting with their first, simple operations.
Children will learn about natural and artificial phenomena and understand the changes they cause in the various environments. They will get to know living animal and plant organisms, discover how machines and technological tools work, distinguishing characteristics, functions and uses.
In this area, children will develop observation and visual memory skills, recognise objects, shapes and images and start to express themselves through drawing and other techniques. At the same time, they will explore sounds, and experiment with rhythms and music also through singing.